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Working from the source code

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Main Page > Working from the source code


1 Source code repository

The JPPF source code is hosted on Github at https://github.com/jppf-grid/JPPF

The URLs for cloning/checking out/feztching are:

2 Versioning policy

  • there is normally a version tag for each released version (like v_2_1 for version 2.1, v_5_2_9 for version 5.2.9, etc.)
  • any version that includes new features will be numbered in x.y form for minor versions, and x.0 for major versions. The rule of thumb is that if a major refactoring was involved, especially to enable new major features, then it is a major version.
  • a version that only includes bug fixes is numbered in the form x.y.z. We call these maintenance releases. They may (rarely) include enhacements to existing features, however they do not contain any new feature.
  • if we can provide a patch to our users on the latest maintenance release of a version and they are satisfied with it then that's what we do. It's much simpler and faster than releasing a new version. If a new maintenance release is deliviered later on, it will include all new patches.

3 Branching policy

  • branches are created when working on major new features in the trunk, and new minor features have been requested by the users. We keep working on the major stuff on the trunk, and create a new branch for the minor modifications and enhancements
  • branches are named in the format b_x_y corresponding to major/minor version x.y. For instance, the latest version is 5.2. We are currently working on the upcoming major version 6.0. The next branch will thus be named b_6_0 and a corresponding version tag v_6_0 will be created. Then, the next maintenance release based on this branch will be the v_6_0_1 tag, and the next branch will be b_6_1 (with a corresponding v_6_1 tag).
  • we generally only work on the trunk/master and the latest branch, as we do not have much bandwith for anything else. Bug fixes are committed to both branches, as are minor new features. Major new features are committed to the trunk only.

4 Patches

We have a section of the web site dedicated to patches. These allow us to release bug fixes quickly in a formal way, and avoid a full release cycle once a bug has been fixed. It's proved quite effective so far.

5 Setting up a development and build environment

Development is done with the Eclipse IDE. Here we are not discussing the merits of Eclipse versus other IDEs. This is just what we use. An additional plugin is required: Checkstyle, to enforce the consistency of the code metrics and documentation. It can be found in the Eclipse market place at: https://marketplace.eclipse.org/content/checkstyle-plug

5.1 Prerequisites

  • you must have Git installed
  • Java 7 or later must be installed
  • to be able to build the Android node project properly, you need to define the ANDROID_HOME environment variable and make it point to the Android SDK installation root. For instance: export ANDROID_HOME=/home/me/android-sdk
  • you must also make sure that you have installed (with the Android sdk manager) the "Android 4.4.2 (API 19) SDK Platform" and the "Android SDK Build-tools" version 23.0.1
  • JPPF uses the Apache Ant build system. Make sure you have Ant 1.9.1 or later installed in your environment.
  • make sure that you have the Checkstyle plugin installed in Eclipse.

5.2 Importing the code from Git

If you have forked the JPPF repo, please replace, in the following examples, the git@github.com:jppf-grid/JPPF.git URL with that of your own forked repository.

5.2.1 Import the source code

  • To clone the master, use:
    git clone git@github.com:jppf-grid/JPPF.git
    

    This will create a local Git repo in a subfolder named "JPPF".

  • To clone a specific branch to a specified folder, use:
    git clone -b b_5_2 git@github.com:jppf-grid/JPPF.git JPPF-5.2
    

    This will clone the 5.2 branch in the JPPF-5.2 subfolder.

  • To clone a specific tag to a specified folder:
    First, clone the repository:
    git clone git@github.com:jppf-grid/JPPF.git JPPF-5.2.8
    

    This will clone the repo in the JPPF-5.2.8 subfolder.

    Now, checkout the tag in a new local branch:

    cd JPPF-5.2.8
    git checkout tags/v_5_2_8 -b JPPF_528
    

    This will checkout the "v_5_2_8" tag into a new branch called "JPPF_528"

  • If working with JPPF 6.0 or later, please perform the prerequisite actions.

5.2.2 Open the source code in Eclipse

  • start Eclipse, specifying the folder where you cloned the repository as workspace root
  • ensure you have a JDK 7 installed; go to "Window > Preferences > Java > Installed JREs". If no JDK 7 is listed, please install one and add it, then make it the derfault JRE for the workspace.
  • set the compiler compliance level to 1.7: go to "Window > Preferences > Java > COmpiler", then select "1.7" in the "Compiler compliance level" drop-down list
  • define a classpath variable "JDK_HOME" that points to the root installation folder of your JDK (make sure it's a JDK and not a JRE): "Window > Preferences > Java > Build Path > Classpath Variables" then click on "New ...". This is needed because JPPF uses a custom doclet for the javadoc, whose source is in JPPF/src, and the JDK's tools.jar is needed as a dependency
  • import the local Git repository:
    • from the menu, select File > Import > Git > Projects from Git and click "Next"
    • select Existing local repository and click "Next"
    • click on "Add" and then browse to the root of the local Git repository
    • make sure to check the repository you just added, then click "Finish"
    • select the repository you just added and click "Next"
    • in the next dialog, ensure that the option "Import existing Eclipse project" is selected (it is selected by default) and click "Next"
    • click "Finish" to import the projects
  • everything should be imported and there should be no build error when you get back to the Java perspective

5.3 Importing the code from the source distribution

  • download the source distribution JPPF-x.y.z-full-src.zip and unzip it
  • if working with JPPF 6.0 or later, please perform the prerequisite actions
  • open the resulting JPPF-x.y.z-full-src folder as a workspace with Eclipse
  • ensure you have a JDK 7 installed; go to "Window > Preferences > Java > Installed JREs". If no JDK 7 is listed, please install one and add it, then make it the derfault JRE for the workspace.
  • set the compiler compliance level to 1.7: go to "Window > Preferences > Java > Compiler", then select "1.7" in the "Compiler compliance level" drop-down list
  • define a classpath variable "JDK_HOME" that points to the root installation folder of your JDK (make sure it's a JDK and not a JRE): "Window > Preferences > Java > Build Path > Classpath Variables" then click on "New ..."
  • import the projects: "File > Import > General > Existing projects into Workspace"
  • browse to the "JPPF-x.y.z-full-src" workspace folder and click "OK"
  • make sure all the projects in the list are checked and click "Finish"
  • everything should be imported and there should be no build error when you get back to the Java perspective

5.4 Prerequisite actions for JPPF 6.0 and later

Starting from v6.0, the JPPF dependencies are no longer part of the source repository. Therefore, before importing the source code into Eclipse, you must first download the dependencies, using one of the following Ant targets from the JPPF root installation:

  • ant dependencies will only download the dependencies
  • ant build will download the dependencies and perform a full build

5.5 Building the Android node

  • the Android node is not an Eclipse project, rather it is an Android Studio project. To edit/modify the code, the best is to open it with Android Studio, however it is not necessary if you just want to build it
  • JPPF uses Ant as its build system, and it uses a specific Ant target to invoke the build of the Android node
  • in Eclipse, open the Ant view: "Window > Show View > Ant"
  • add this build file: JPPF/bin/build.xml
  • in this build file, run the target "build.android" by double-clicking it (you can also do it in the command line by running "ant build.android" in JPPF/bin)

5.6 Building everything

5.6.1 JPPF 6.0 or later

Run the Ant build target from the JPPF installation root folder:

cd <JPPF_ROOT>
ant build

5.6.2 Up to JPPF 5.2.x

Simply run one of the deploy[.xxx] Ant targets from the JPPF/bin folder. For instance:

cd <JPPF-ROOT>/JPPF/bin
ant deploy.noinstaller

This will build everything, except the installer, for the 5.2 branch previously imported from Git.

All the build artifacts (zip, jar apk) are created in the <WORKSPACE_ROOT>/JPPF/build folder.

5.7 tests

JPPF provides a framework and a set of automated tests based on JUnit, to ensure that JPPF features are working as expected and that no regression were introduced in the latest code. These tests start actual drivers and nodes (i.e. small but full-fledged grids on the local machine), and manage the corresponding processes. So they're more than unit tests. They do, however, ensure that the JPPF features are convered.

To run the tests:

  • with JPPF 6.0 or later: open a command prompt in <JPPF_ROOT> and type: "ant test".
  • with JPPF 5.2.x or prior versions: open a command prompt in <JPPF_ROOT>/tests and type: "ant run.junit".


This will generate a number of related artifacts:

  • an HTML JUnit tests report in JPPF_WORKSPACE/tests/report
  • a zip of the client, driver(s) and node(s) logs for each test class in JPPF_WORKSPACE/tests/logs.
    For example, for the test class test.org.jppf.client.TestJPPFClient you will have the logs in JPPF_WORKSPACE/tests/logs/test.org.jppf.client.TestJPPFClient.zip


A number of JUnit launch configuration are also provided in test/launches, so the tests can be run from within the IDE, as any other JUnit test.

6 Code metrics and documentation constraints

Via Checkstyle, we attempt to enforce the following:

  • A header, with the copyright disclaimer and license terms, must be present at the start of each file (Java, configuration, XML files, etc.). Using Eclipse code and documentation templates for this is quite handy and painless.
  • there must be a Javadoc for each and all Java artifacts, no matter their visibility level: classes, instance and static variables, methods. {@inheritDoc} tags are accepted for overridden methods, when there is no significant implementation details to document.
  • Java files can be 600 hundred lines long at most. If it gets longer, split it. It may seem unduly constraining, however it forces the developers to really think about how they write their code, and as far as we know, results in a clearer code and class design. It also leads to more frequent refactorings and provides a better survivability of the design. This has worked great during all the years of JPPF development.
  • Methods can be no more than 80 lines long. If a method goes over this limit, split it.

There are few exceptions to these rules, essentially in Java files that we imported directly from other sources with a compatible license or from the public domain. We are still working on that.

You can find actual code metrics on the Open HUB page for JPPF.

7 API deprecation and removal policy

In principle, any deprecated API is removed from the next major version. For example if method a() of class A is deprecated in version 4.1, then it will be removed in version 5.0.

When the deprecation occurs, it must be clearly documented, and the deprecated API must still work as it used to. This ensures that no existing code using this API is broken and that users have time to prepare and adjust for when it will be removed.

Here is an example of how this can be documented:

/**
 * Get the listener that receives notifications of completed tasks.
 * @return a {@code TaskCompletionListener} instance.</span>
 * @deprecated {@code TaskResultListener} and its implementations are no longer exposed
 * as public APIs. {@link JobListener} should be used instead, with the
 * {@link #addJobListener(JobListener)} and {@link #removeJobListener(JobListener)}
 * methods.
 */
@Deprecated
public TaskResultListener getResultListener() {
  ...
}

8 JPPF Maven artifacts

Starting from JPPF 3.3, we are now publishing the main JPPF artifacts to Maven Central:
http://search.maven.org/#search|ga|1|jppf

You can also find the public snapshots and releases on Sonatype's public repository:
https://oss.sonatype.org/content/groups/public/org/jppf/

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